The Neftchala region was formed as district in the composition of Azerbaijan Republic on February 11, 1940. Until this time it was located in the area of modern Salyan, and during the year it become part of the Khilly region, organized on January 24, 1939. Due Neftchala was exceptionally industrial region, it was liquidated in December 1959 and unified with the Salyan region. However, after 4 years it was isolated from Salyan region and became independent industrial zone. But similar mixed system for control did not justify itself, and the once again Neftchala region was again liquidated in 1965 and became part of the Salyan. The region become independent after 7 years on April 27, 1973.